Double declining balance depreciation definition


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Double Declining Depreciation

A manufacturing company purchases a new production line for $1,000,000. The production line is expected to have a useful life of 10 years and a salvage value of $100,000. Using the Double Declining Balance Method, the company calculates an annual depreciation expense of $160,000 (1,000,000 x 0.2 x 2). The units of production method is generally considered the most accurate depreciation method based on the asset’s actual usage or productivity. The double-declining balance and straight-line methods may need to be more accurate in certain situations, as they need to consider the asset’s actual usage and productivity.

  • Whether you are using accounting software, a manual general ledger system, or spreadsheet software, the depreciation entry should be entered prior to closing the accounting period.
  • Extensions allow extra time to file a tax return, but it does not give you extra time to pay.
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  • For the second year of depreciation, you’ll be plugging a book value of $18,000 into the formula, rather than one of $30,000.
  • It helps a business retrieve the actual capital amount & amount of decrease in the value, hence representing the account’s net balances.
  • However, one counterargument is that it often takes time for companies to utilize the full capacity of an asset until some time has passed.

Since we already have an ending book value, let’s squeeze in the 2026 depreciation expense by deducting $1,250 from $1,620. The beginning book value is the cost of the fixed asset less any depreciation claimed in prior periods. Under the DDB method, we don’t consider the salvage value in computing annual depreciation charges. Instead, we simply keep deducting depreciation until we reach the salvage value. 150% declining balance depreciation is calculated in the same manner as is double-declining-balance depreciation, except that the rate is 150% of the straight-line rate. In the above example, we assumed a depreciation rate equal to twice the straight-line rate.

Disadvantages of the double declining balance method

At the beginning of the second year, the fixture’s book value will be $80,000, which is the of $100,000 minus the accumulated depreciation of $20,000. When the $80,000 is multiplied by 20% the result is $16,000 of depreciation for Year 2. If trying to calculate the reducing-balance method gets your mind tied up in knots, you can refer to the IRS calculation tables inPublication Additional Material.

As an alternative to systematic allocation schemes, several double declining balance method formula methods for calculating depreciation expenses have been developed. The other downside can be a reduction in net income due to the increased depreciation expense. You or your accounting staff should check with a CPA if you have questions about using double declining balance depreciation. Double declining balance depreciation is an accelerated depreciation method that expenses depreciation at double the normal rate. Now the double declining balance depreciation rate is calculated by doubling the straight-line rate.

Accelerated Depreciation

The double declining depreciation method will let you have a bigger tax written-off in the early years when it is minimal. On the contrary, in the double declining balance method, a large portion of depreciation expense is written off in the early years of purchase and less each year after that. Start by computing the DDB rate, which remains constant throughout the useful life of the fixed asset.

The book value of $64,000 multiplied by 20% is $12,800 of depreciation expense for Year 3. Note that for the fifth and final year, your depreciation deduction bumped up higher than in the fourth year. Under IRS conventions, if you’re using the declining balance method,you must switch over to the straight-line method starting in the first year in which it will give you a greater or equal deduction.

When to use the double declining depreciation method

For example, if the equipment in the above case is purchased on 1 October rather than 2 January, depreciation for the period between 1 October and 31 December is ($16,000 x 3/12). These points are illustrated in the following schedule, which shows yearly depreciation calculations for the equipment in this example. Residual value is considered only in the last year of the asset’s life.

For the second year of depreciation, you’ll be plugging a book value of $18,000 into the formula, rather than one of $30,000. Written-down value is the value of an asset after accounting for depreciation or amortization. DDB is ideal for assets that very rapidly lose their values or quickly become obsolete.

What is the double declining depreciation method?

Some assets last for decades whereas others depreciate rapidly in the initial years. It is up to you to decide which depreciation method you would apply for a certain asset. To understand the double declining balance method, it is important to get hold of the concept from the very beginning, therefore let’s start from the very basic and that is understanding what depreciation is. The current year depreciation is the portion of a fixed asset’s cost that we deduct against current year profit and loss. The accounting concept behind depreciation is that an asset produces revenue over an estimated number of years; therefore, the cost of the asset should be deducted over those same estimated years. Under the declining balance methods, the asset’s salvage value is used as the minimum book value; the total lifetime depreciation is thus the same as under the other methods.

Majority of businesses use this method when their assets are more productive especially in the early years or for those assets which are bound to lose their value rather quickly. Depreciation is the process by which you decrease the value of your assets over their useful life. The most commonly used method of depreciation is straight-line; it is the simplest to calculate. However, there are certain advantages to accelerated depreciation methods.


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